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Mapeamento digital de solos e modelagem da recarga hídrica na Bacia do Rio Doce, Minas Gerais

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dc.contributor.advisor Fernandes Filho, Elpídio Inácio Souza, Eliana de 2015-05-28T19:48:40Z 2015-05-28T19:48:40Z 2013-03-27
dc.identifier.citation SOUZA, E. Mapeamento digital de solos e modelagem da recarga hídrica na Bacia do Rio Doce, Minas Gerais. 2013. 155 f. Tese (Doutorado em Solo e Nutrição de Plantas) - Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa. 2013. pt_BR
dc.description Tese de Doutorado defendida na Universidade Federal de Viçosa pt_BR
dc.description.abstract pt_BR
dc.description.abstract The quantitative evaluation of pedologícal and hydric resources is important for adoption of sustainable and efficient practices and use management of resources. Climatologic and pedologícal data are usually collected in a discret manner and in most of the cases, the number of sites where the information is collected is usually not enough to fuel the predictive models. To overcome the shortage and spatial discontinuity of soil and water information models have been used to estimate certain properties and attributes, from other more readily available. Predictive models employ a variety of techniques and methods for generating information in discrete and continuous format. This study aimed to generate pedotranfer fuction for estimating soil bulk density and soil water content and evaluate the spatíal prediction of soil attributes and hydric balance in the rio doce basin, located in the state of minas gerais. In chapter 1, we evaluated the spatial prediction of soil attributesz organic carbon, clay and cation exchange capacity (cec), with the purpose of evaluating the performance of the prediction models from soil maps generated by both the conventional and with the multinomial logistic regression methods, from a set of covariates consisting of maps derived from elevation model of the terrain, satellite images and maps obtained from conventional soil mapping the geostatistical model called regression-kriging (rk) was evaluated for prediction of the spatial attributes. In chapter 2, we modeled the basin water recharge process for a períod of two hydrologícal years (09/2007 - 09/2009). Hydric balance was calculated by means ptfs results obtained in this study with those compiled in the literature were performed. The results of chapter 1 evidenced the importance of the conventional soil map when developing digital soil mapping. There is a need to increase the sampling size for clay and cec, and to evaluate the covariates of higher correlation with these two attríbutes, in order to improve the performance of the spatial prediction models. Organic carbon was predicted wíth good performance by all evaluated models, presenting the best results when using the dataset that included the soil map obtained from the conventional method of survey combined with other covariates. The estimate and spatial prediction of hydric balance performed in chapter 2 enabled better understanding of the recharge of the unconfined aquifer in the basin and the generated scenarios can be utilized in zoning the basin for use and management of its soils and water resources. In chapter 3, we found good predictive power of the ptfs developed with the data collected in the basin; we also observed improved performance in relation to the functions compiled from the literature. The information generated with the developed ptfs are rarely found in current literature body and are of great importance as input variables for environment modelling studies, and can be used to fuel models of spatial prediction. in general the contributíon of this study is generating soil and hidric ínformation for the basin that enable to carry on climate change related studies from measurements of soil carbon stock, water availability and spatial distríbution of its attributes and soil classes. pt_BR
dc.format 155 folhas pt_BR
dc.language.iso pt_BR pt_BR
dc.publisher Universidade Federal de Viçosa pt_BR
dc.subject.classification Ciências Florestais::Meio ambiente::Manejo de bacias hidrográficas pt_BR
dc.subject.classification Ciências Florestais::Meio ambiente::Hidrologia florestal pt_BR
dc.subject.classification Ciências Florestais::Silvicultura::Solos e nutrição florestal pt_BR
dc.title Mapeamento digital de solos e modelagem da recarga hídrica na Bacia do Rio Doce, Minas Gerais pt_BR
dc.title Digital soil mapping and modeling of water recharge in Rio Doce Basin, State of Minas Gerais pt_BR
dc.type Tese pt_BR

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